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Augustine Herman (Hermen, Hermann) brief-bio - Escape From Death, an interesting story - life - life and accomplishments - decendants - herman family tree Augustine Herman, one of the First Permanent Settlers in America. My maternal ancestry by Boulden, Bayard, Thompson and Bouchelle family accounts, and as best as can be determined by records, goes back to Augustine Herman (early 1600's). decended thru Judith Herman and Col John Thompson, Anne Thompson and Thomas Wirt, Mary Wirt and Samuel Bayard, Mary Bayard and Thomas Bouchelle, among others whose decendants would marry into the Boulden Family. This Boulden family was decended from Boulden arriving from England in the early 1600's. Thomas Bouchelle was decended from Lege de Bouchelle who arrived in What was to become Maryland in the mid 1600's. My Bayard, Bouldin, Pearce and Bouchelle ancestry which is more recent goes back to Augustine Herman, Lege de Bouchelle, Samuel Bayard and William Boulden, all arriving in Virginia and Maryland in the first half of the 1600's. The Bayard, Bouchelle and Augustine Herman familys were all in laws and cousins at that time. Four of My great grand parents are direct decendants of four early American familys. William, one of the earliest men to arrive in America, arrived in the Chesapeake bay in 1610. His decendants also married decendants of Herman and also there is an Indian connection from the Pohattan heritage. Because of the small number of men and familys living in the country at that time it is not unusual for them to be inter-related. And it was not unusual for cousins and second cousins to marry nor was it out of the question for them to marry Indian brides as Women were more scarce at the time. One other factor was that the Indian women after decades of seeing their numbers dwindle encouraged their daughters to marry the whites as they thought this would be a sure way that would keep their blood alive.(search pohattan tribes and cultures in the 1600's for more.) Augustine Herman (brief bio) Who was the first Czech permanent settler in America we cannot say with certainty. It is certain, however, that among the first settlers was the famed Augustine Herman (1621-1686) from Prague. He was a surveyor and skilled draftsman, successful planter and developer of new lands, a shrewd and enterprising merchant, a bold politician and an effective diplomat, fluent in several languages - clearly one of the most conspicuous and colorful personalities of the seventeenth century colonial America. After coming to New Amsterdam (present New York) he became one of the most influential people in the Dutch Province which led to his appointment tote Council of Nine to advise the New Amsterdam Governor. One of his greatest achievements was his celebrated map of Maryland and Virginia commissioned by Lord Baltimore on which he began working in earnest after removing to the English Province of Maryland. Lord Baltimore was so pleased with the map that he rewarded Herman with a large estate, named by Herman "Bohemia Manor", and the hereditary title Lord (7). ========================================================================= Augustine Herman's great escape. Scharf's History of Maryland (42), as well as other sources, related a story which ‘illustrates another of Herman's traits. According to one version of the story, the Dutch held him prisoner of war in New Amsterdam at one time, under sentence of death. This was probably because Herman had appeared to be to close to Lord Baltimore of Maryaland and another reason was he had opposed the dictatorial form of Governor Stuyvesant's government in New YOrk and was one of the signatories of a complaint ("Vertoogh") which was sent to Holland in July 1649 "to represent the poor condition of this country and pray for redress. The vindictive Stuyvesant had Herman imprisoned and sentenced to death for spying among other things. A short time before he was to be executed, herman feigned himself to be deranged in mind, and requested that his white stallion be brought to him so that the horse might be exercised in the court yard so that who ever inherited the fine stallion would find him in fine condition. Also Herman wanted to demonstrate the horses fine training. The horse was brought, finely caparisoned to the court yard. Herman mounted him, and seemed to be performing military exercises. On the first opportunity, herman and stallion bolted into a large banquet hall, and through one of the large windows that was some fifteen feet above ground. leaping down, he raced down the slope, swam the North River, ran his horse through Jersey and alighted on the bank of the Delaware, somewhere opposite of New Castle and made his escape from death and the Dutch. Details of the story are said to vary but fairly reliable sources have said that he retired his stallion to pasture until its' death where upon Augustine had the horse buried in a fine grave in the family grave yard at his estate.

See portrait of Augustine Herman and his stallion. Medium: Painting Description: Three-quarter length portrait shows Augustine Herman: man with brown, shoulder-length hair, wearing red tunic with gold trim, dark trousers, and white stock. He holds reins of out-of-proportion horse behind him. Trees are seen at left, with sky at right. Sitter's Life Dates: 1605-1686 Artist Unknown Augustine Herman c. 1800-1900 Oil on canvas 36 1/16 x 26 1/16 in. (91.6 x 66.2 cm.) Gift of Mrs. Harry W. Melville Holding Institution: Maryland Historical Society Accession: 1958-121-1 For more complete information on the life and times of Augustine Hermen see the web page provided by Miloslav Rechcigl, Jr. ======================================================================= Augustine Herman (spellings also found – Hermann and Hermen Augustine Hermen married first Jannetje Marie Varleth and second, Catherine Ward. Descendants of Augustine Ephraim Hermen in genealogy report format. Thanks to everyone who contributed to this information, especially Dan Harding. Please let me know if I have made any errors. Augustine Herman was the son of Augustine Ephraim Hermen and Beatrice Von Redel. Born in 1605 in Prague, Bohemia. At the bottom of his last will there is a notation perhaps not in his writing, "age 68", which has led to much controversy about his age because it would place his birth in 1621, only twelve years before he was taking part in a treaty with the Indians in what are now the suburbs of Philadelphia. The weight of authority seems to be that he was born in Prague about 1605. Herman first traveled on Cecil’s soil in the mid 1600s. He was dispatched to carry messages from Lord Baltimore to Dutch leaders of the land along Delaware Bay. He quickly became an important man in Maryland. He was an expert map maker by talent, and after charting Maryland, he received extensive Cecil land holdings as payment. Herman was also considered a visionary. He had the vision to break Cecil County away from Baltimore County, which in fact happened in 1674. He also had a vision to carve a canal between the Elk River and Delaware Bay. Though this project did not happen during his lifetime, it did become a reality in 1829 when the C&D Canal opened for business. Herman is one of Cecil County’s founding fathers, and he lived at his treasured homestead "Bohemia Manor", on the Bohemia River, until his death in 1686. More information about Augustine Hermen. Will: Herman, Augustine, Bohemia Manor, 27th Sept., 1684. 10th Aug., 1686. Will devises that his estate shall be equally enjoyed by all his children. Overseers William Dare, Edward Jones, George Oldfield to look after estate and protect the entail. Testator sets forth that he so appoints overseers because his eldest Ephriam has attached himself to the Labadist faction of religion and is seeking to persuade his brother Casparus and sisters to join him. Test: Samuel Wheeler, Robert Kemble, Richard Edmonds, George Oldfield. Augustine Herman left instructions in his will that a marble slab, like a table, should be placed over his own grave and marked "Augustine Herman, Bohemian, the first founder and seater of Bohemia Manor, anno 1661." In later years the slab, broken in three pieces, was placed against the side of the present farm house at the manor seat where it remained for many years. Senator Bayard had the old stone restored to its original position when he came into possession of Bohemia Manor in 1920. Last Updated: March 5, 2002. ========================================================== AUGUSTINE HERMAN BOHEMIENSIS - LIFE - ACCOMPLISHMENTS - LIVING LEGACY LIFE AND ACCOPLISHMENTS AUGUSTINE HERMAN BOHEMIENSIS Miloslav Rechcigl. Jr. As the State of Maryland commemorates the 350th anniversary of its existence, it is appropriate that we remember Augustine Herman, whose name is inextricably linked with the history of early Maryland. Augustine Herman (1) has the distinction of being the first known immigrant from Czech Lands who settled in America (2) and one of the first naturalized citizens of Maryland. This remarkable person was clearly one of the most conspicuous and colorful personalities of the seventeenth century colonial America and it is no wonder that some American writers called ~~"the first great American"(3) while Czechs immortalized him in the popularized fictionized novel Pan na ceske rece (The Lord of Bohemian River) (4). The European Phase Apart from the undisputed fact that he was born in Bohemia, very little is known about Herman's background and his early youth. According to one account (5) he was born in Prague—the ancient city of the Kingdom of Bohemia— his father was Augustine Ephraim Herman, a. wealthy merchant and councillor of Prague, and his mother Beatrix was the daughter of Kaspar Redel, a member of a patrician Bohemian Brethren family. However, Thomas Capek (6) a noted historian of American Czechs surmised that Herman was the son of an evangelical pastor of Mseno, by the name of Abraham Herman~, who had to flee in 1621 from his native Bohemia because of religious persecution. Be that as it may, it should be noted that Herman himself, on several occasions, stated that he was a native of Prague (7).. ' The date of his birth also is disputed, some claiming tat he was born in 1605, while others give 1621 as the right year of his birth (8). The assertion (9) that the young Herman served in the army of Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden for a time and that he participated in the battle of Lutzen. under Wallenstein in 1632, has not been substantiated with reliable evidence. Coming to America The date of his first arrival in America is not known with certainty, but it is likely that he sailed to the American shores on a number of occasions during his employ by the Dutch India Co. One such sailing took place presumably in the year 1633 since, in that year, he was, purported to witness, together with Arendt Corssen, the purchase of lands, which included the site of the present city of Philadelphia, by the Dutch from the Indians (10). If Herman were born in 1621 (instead of 1605) one would have to seriously question his participation in such an important event, since it would have made him only twelve years old. (11). What he did in the following decades is not exactly known. According to some sources, he may have been engaged in international trade with Brazil or Surinam, while according to others, he was making his name as "the first beginner of the Virginia tobacco trade (12). The New Amsterdam Phase By 1644 Herman definitely took permanent residence in New Amsterdam —the present New York City, as the agent of a leading Dutch firm, Peter Gabry and Sons. ~ Soon after he established himself as an independent merchant, trading in furs, tobacco and other important goods in the colonies. Among other ventures, he successfully introduced indigo to New Amsterdam "which grew well and yielded much" and which was of higher quality "than common" by European standards (14). With his partner George Hack, who was his brother-in-law, he became the largest exporter of tobacco in America. As one t ~ of the owners of a frigate, he also, for a time, engaged in privateering. With his extraordinary and rapid success in business and his growing prosperity, Herman soon became one of the most influential people in New Amsterdam. In 1647 he was chosen by the people of the Dutch Colony to represent them on the Board of Nine Men (15) - a body of prominent citizens organized to advise and guide the Governor of New Amsterdam on matters of state and its administration. As a liberal member of the Board, and subsequently its chairman, he early joined with others in opposing the dictatorial form of Governor Stuyvesant's government and was one of the signatories of a complaint ("Vertoogh") which was sent to Holland in July 1649 "to represent the poor condition of this country and pray for redress (16). The vindictive Stuyvesant never forgave Herman for this humiliation and began to ruin him financially through various ploys and measures. It is an irony of fate that the two feuding men later became related through the marriage of Stuyvesant's sister to Herman's wife's brother. This must have been a low ebb in Herman's life, for within a short time he practically lost his entire fortune, contracted enormous debts and eventually was put in jail for inability to pay his debts. According to existing records, in May 1653, he was, however, granted ‘liberty and freedom, having settled with his creditors (17). In spite of his personal hate and aversion to Herman, Governor Stuyvesant, nevertheless, recognized Herman's unusual qualities and talents, particularly in the diplomatic arena which were vastly enhanced by his apparent language skills. As an able surveyor and draftsman, Herman also acquired intimate knowledge of the territories which greatly strengthened his hand during negotiations over territorial disputes. Almost immediately upon Herman's release from jail, he was a bearer of dispatches fro Governor Stuyvesant to the New England authorities in Boston regarding an alleged conspiracy of the Dutch and Indians against the English (18). In 1659 Herman was sent in the company of one Resolved Waldron to Maryland in connection with the Maryland-Delaware boundary dispute between the English and the Dutch (19). Herman kept a detailed Journal (20) of this mission, which clearly illuminates his effectiveness as a negotiator. It is believed that the independent existence of the present state of Delaware is mainly result of the very arguments which Herman so ably used before Maryland Governor over the Lard Baltimore's claim to the South River (21). In spite of their adversary roles, Lord Baltimore must have instinctively noted Herman's talents and took a personal liking to him. It must have been during this mission by Herman to Maryland that the idea of drawing the map of the Maryland Province first emerged. A good map of the territory would have been a great asset to the Province in assisting The officials to settle the recurrent territorial disputes between Maryland and its neighbors. Augustine Herman made a proposition to Lard Baltimore that he would be willing to make an accurate map of the entire Province, as well as of Virginia, in exchange for a piece of territory in the Maryland Province. Herman's K offer was graciously accepted in the letters dated September 1660, which stated as compensation for his services his Lordship would grant him “Lands for Inhabitation to his Posterity and the Privilege of the Manor” (22). These developments coupled with the untenable hate-love relations between Governor Stuyvesant and himself, convinced Herman that he should move to Maryland permanently. The Maryland Phase By 1661 Herman brought his family and possessions to Maryland. He settled by the Eastern Shore of the Chesapeake Bay - in an area that is now Cecil County; Md. and partly in New Castle County, Del. - on lands given to him by Lard Baltimore's liberal patents. He called his estate Bohemia Manor (23) in memory of his native country. His property was considerably increased by the addition of new lands that were granted -to him, namely "Little Bohemia" or "Bohemia Middle Neck," "St. Augustine Manor" and "The Bohemian Sisters." The total estate eventually contained between 25,000 and 30,000 acres of the most fertile land on the Atlantic Coast, -making Herman one of the largest landowners in~ America in the 17th century. To assure undisputed ownership of this land, Herman wisely made terms with -the Susquehanna Indians and paid them a compensatory sum for the territory. In addition to all the privileges which had been vested in him in connection with the ownership of the manor, Lard Baltimore conferred on Herman the special title "Lord" which was apparently one of the very few instances where a special title of nobility was conferred on an American without English roots (24). After coming to Maryland it was Herman's desire to establish a landed aristocracy like That in England which must have won favor with Lard Baltimore, who had been trying to establish an aristocratic society in his province (25). He also obtained a charter for founding a city for which he had chosen the name Ceciltown from Lord Baltimore (26). Since Herman, as a foreigner, could not automatically convey or devise by will the lands given to him, Lard Baltimore issued an order in 1661, declaring Augustine Herman a "free denizen" of the province, as if he had been born therein (28). This was presumably the first act of this kind in America which enabled one to hold lands, but it was not equivalent to full naturalization. So in 1663, Herman petitioned (29) the Maryland General Assembly for naturalization for himself and his family, which was granted three years later (30). This is believed to be the first recorded case of individual naturalization in Maryland and one of the first such cases in the American colonies. During the, first few years of his residence in Bohemia Manor, Herman continued to be engaged in various business activities, including shipping trade with New Amsterdam (31). However, as early as 1662, he apparently discontinued his career as a merchant in preference for the life of a country squire. He erected a large manor house commensurate with his rank and possessions on the on the Bohemia River, and there he resided, surrounded by his family and servants, whom he had transported from New Amsterodam. As was customary among English lords, he had his deer park - the walls of which were still standing in 1860 - and rode in his coach-and four driven by livened servants (31). However, Herman soon became discontented with the monotonous life of a country gentleman and resumed active interest in public life that he had been accustomed to in New Amsterdam. Thus, in 1665 he is seen in the role of a Commissioner for Upper Baltimore County and in 1674 he was appointed one of the Gentlemen Justices and later Gentleman of the Quorum. He also held the title of the Justice of the Peace for Baltimore and Cecil Counties and from 1678 to 1680 he served as the Commissioner for Peace in Cecil County. In addition, he was made a Member of His Lordship's Council and held the rank of Colonel of the Militia (32). Herman's Map The map (33), which took almost one decade to complete, was clearly one of the greatest of Herman's achievements. It was engraved in London in 1673 by an outstanding engraver of the day, William Faithorn, and published the, same year. The map consisted of four folio sheets measuring about 31 x 36 inches each, and engraved to 1:720,000 scale. Of the two ‘preserved copies, one is in the British Museum in London, and another in the John Carter Brown Library in Providence, R. L, where there is also a manuscript copy. Lard Baltimore "had received no small satisfaction by the variety of the map" and "His Lordship, the King's Majesty, His Royal Highness and all others commented on the exactness of the work, applauding it for the best map that had ever been drawn of any country” (34). In the words of George Washington, a surveyor in his own right, "It was admirably planned and equally well executed"(35). The importance of the map can be attested from the fact that most maps of Maryland and Virginia, until the middle of the 18th century, were mere replicas of this map. Herman's map was used in the boundary disputes between Virginia and Maryland as late as the end of the 19th century (36). The Man, the Legend Prom what has already been said, there emerges a portrait of the most unusual man—astute, vigorous, talented, accomplished, versatile, Renaissance, aristocratic, brilliant, A man of good education, a surveyor and skilled draftsman, successful planter and developer of new crops, a shrewd and enterprising merchant, bold and courageous in his temperament, and yet diplomatic and eloquent. It was stated that his statesmanship was untamed with selfishness and his diplomacy was the embodiment of sincerity. Whether in New Amsterdam or at his Bohemia Manor, people around him looked upon Herman as their elder statesman and repeatedly called on him - to be their spokesman when quarreling with the New Amsterdam Governor or negotiating peace. with the Delaware Indians. When Stuyvesant sent his emissaries to Virginia, lie specifically instructed them to make use "of the aid and tongue of Augustine Herman"(37) who was in Virginia at that time, attesting again to Herman's unique abilities. Herman was a man of vision, far ahead of his time. He proposed, for example, constructing a canal to connect the Chesapeake and Delaware Bays in order to facilitate trade?8 Although the idea did not get implemented until the early part of the 19th century, Herman did construct a good wagon road from the Bohemia River to the Appoquinimuk Creek in Delaware which served its purpose of connecting the head waters of the two bays. According to recently discovered evidence, Herman was not only a skillful draftsman but an artist of some note, as well. In 1953 a rare oil painting depicting a view of New Amsterdam was exhibited in the Museum of the City of New York, which, following exhaustive tests, was attributed to Augustine Herman. According to experts, this was one of the most important discoveries in American pictorial history, since the picture is believed to be the earliest oil painting of New York, as well as the earliest view of the city ever (39). Coming from a, family that was persecuted and had to flee its native land for religious beliefs, Herman developed sympathy and a high degree of tolerance to different religious groups, regardless of their persuasion. Although the members of his family were members of the Dutch Reformed Church, Herman aided in establishing a permanent Catholic mission on his lands (40). He also provided a piece of his territory for the establishment of a Labadist Colony in America and made provisions in his Will for the founding of a Protestant school on the Bohemia Manor (41). Death sentence and escape.................... Scharf's History of Maryland (42), as well as other sources, related a story which ‘illustrates another of Herman's traits, namely his adventurous spirit and bravery. According to one version of the story, the Dutch held him prisoner of war in New Amsterdam at one time, under sentence of death. A short time before he was to be executed, he feigned himself to be deranges in mind, and requested his be brought to him, and seemed to be in the prison. The horse was brought, finely caparisoned, Herman mounted him, and seemed to be performing military exercises. On the first opportunity, he bolted through one of the large windows that was some fifteen feet above ground, leaped down, down, swam the North River, ran his, horse through Jersey and alighted on tie bank of the Delaware, opposite of New Castle and thus made his escape from death and the Dutch. Herman must have been inordinately proud of his Bohemian heritage. He customarily appended the word Bohemian or Bohemiensis to his name, as he did on his famous map, and repeatedly, referred to Bohemia in naming his possessions. In his petition for naturalization,49 he made special reference to his Bohemian background and to his native city of Prague. Most official transactions bearing his name were signed Augustine Herman Bohemien(sis), including his Last Will (44). Following his wishes in his Last Will a great Sepulchar Stone was erected on his grave with the engraved letters - "Augustine - Herrmen Bohemian - the First Founder - Seatter of Bohemca (sic) Manner - Anno 1661" (45). The Living Legacy ........................................ Notwithstanding his numerous accomplishments during his lifetime, the finest legacy Augustine Herman left behind can be found among his progeny. Although the Herman male line and with it the Herman name became extinct in 1739, Herman's three daughters and the female issue of his grandson left numerous descendants "filling the annals of the worthy and the rich." Based on various genealogical and other historical sources, this author has been able to identify and verify a number of distinguished personalities - US Senators and Congressmen, State Governors, Supreme Court Justices, members of the Presidents' Cabinets, and other men and women of substance - who are linear descendants of Augustine Herman. Epilogue ...................................................... Seventeenth century America, as one historian put it, produced only a few great figures who can be regarded as strictly Americans. A few individuals who could be listed, like Roger Williams, Charles Calvert, Richard Leo, John Elliot or Cotton Mather were largely products of a local civilization who rarely took much interest in the affairs of other colonies. "In the case of Augustine Herman it was different. As a first merchant of the only Dutch Colony in what is now the United States, he learned to know these folks and lived as one of them, joining their haggling, quarreling and suing each other. As a diplomat, he came in contact with the New Englanders, on the one hand, and also wit the southern planters. Later, as a great land proprietor he learned to know more about the English colonists, living as successfully among them as he did formerly with the Dutch burghers. His estate was situated close to the center of Atlantic America; doubtless through his domains passed many of the celebrated visitors who come over from the Old World to take a look at the New World. Herman was neither a New Netherlander oi- Marylander; he was, in the best sense of the word, an American” (46).. NOTES ........................................................... 1. Dutch chronicles spell the name differently: Herman, Herrman, Harman, Harmans, Heerman, Hermans, Heermans, etc. Augustine Herman himself was not consistent either in the way he signed his name. 2. Thomas Capek, The Cechs (Bohemians) in America (Boston and New York, 1920), p.9. 3. Francis Sims. McGrath, Pillars of Maryland (Richmond, 1950), p. 190; Earl L. W. Heck, Augustine Herrman: Beginner of the Virginia Tobacco Trade, Merchant of New Amsterdam. and First Lord of Bohemia Manor in Maryland (Englewood, Ohio, 1941). 4. Published in Prague (1946) under the authorship of Jaroslav Koudelka. 5. H. Armin Rattermann, "Augustin Herrman," Deutsch-Amerikanisches Magazin 1(1887), pp. 202-25, 524-38. The author unfortunately did not cite his sources so that the identity of Herman's parents could not be verified despite serious efforts by the researchers, 6. Thomas Capek, Augustine Herrman of Bohemia Manor (New York, 1928). 7. Maryland Archives 2 (1884), pp. 144-145. 8. Earl L. W. Heck, op. cit. (note 3), p.5; Thomas Capek, op. cit. (note 6); Paul G. Burton, "The Age of Augustine Herrman," N. Y General Biogr. Record (78 (1947), pp. 130-13 1. Some of the confusion relating to the date of Herman's birth stems from a penciled notation "Aetatis 63" on his Last Will of 1684 which would place. his birth in 1621. The authorship of the note could not be ascertained, neither could the date when it was introduced in the document. 9. E. L. W. H., "Herrman, Augustine (c.l605-1686), Dict. Am. Biogr. 8 (1932), 592; Francis Sims McGrath, op. cit. (note 3);p. 190. 10. E. B, O'Callaghan, History of New Netherlands (New York, 1846), Vol. 1, p. 156. 11. Paul G. Burton, op. cit. (note 8) is of the opinion that the reference to Augustine Herman as a witness to land purchase in 1633 may be based on an incorrect interpretation of the original Dutch text. However, until a firm evidence is provided, this suggestion must be considered as a mere speculation. 12. Anon., "Augustine Herrman,"N.Y. Geneal. Biogr. Record 22 (1891), pp. 1-3; Herrmann Schurich, History of the German Element in Virginia (Baltimore, 1898), pp. 37-39. 13. Calendar of Historical Manuscripts in the Office of the Secretary of State, Albany, N.Y. Dutch Manuscripts 1630-1664 (Albany, 1865), Vol. 1, p. 28; 1. R. Brodhead, History of the State of New York (New York, 1853). Vol. 1, p. 476. 14. Edwin R. Purple, "Contributions to the History of the Ancient Families of New York," N.Y. Geneal, Biog. Record 9 (1878), pp. 57-59; Adrian van der Douck, Description of the Netherlands, 2nd ed. (Amsterdam, 1656), p. 156; reprinted in Coil. N.Y. Historical Society, 2nd ser., Vol. 1 (1841), p. 156. 15. J. R. Brodhead, op. cit. (note 13), p. 475; E. B. O'Callaghan, op. cit. (note 10), pp. 36-39). 16. Documents Relative to the Colonial History of New York (Albany, 1856), Vol. l, p. 258; J. R .Brodhead, op. cit. (note 13),p. 505. 17. Calendar of Historical Manuscripts, op. cit. (note 13), p. 132. 18. Ibid., pp. 204, 278, 331; Brodhead, op. cit. (note 13), pp. 554, 666-69. 19. Calendar of Historical Documents, op. cit. (note 13), p. 339; Brodhead, op. cit. (note 13), Vol. 1, p. 666; Arch. Maryland 3 (1885), pp. 366- 378; Francis Vincent, A History of the State of Delaware (Philadelphia, 1870), pp. 325-357; Christopher War, The Dutch and Swedes on the Delaware 1609-64 (Philadelphia, 1930), pp. 290-309; O'CaIlaghan, op. cit. (note 10), pp. 381-389. 20. Documents Relative to the Colonial History of the State of New York, Vol. 2(1858), pp. 88-98, 99-100. 21. Vincent, op. cit. (note 19), p. 343; Ward, op. cit. (note 19), p. 308; O'Callaghan, op. cit. (note 10), p. 388. 22. As reported in Herman's Memorandum or Journal of the first foundation and seating of Bohemia Manor and Bohemia River Middle Neck Adjacent and Appendant. Published as an Appendix in Maryland Fund Publications, No. 30 (Baltimore, 1890), p. 29. 23. Herman's Memorandum, op. cit. (note 22); Thomas Allen Glenn, ‘Bohemia Manor and the Herrmans," in Some Colonial Mansions (Philadelphia, 1897). pp. 123-138; James G. Wilson, A Maryland Manor, Maryland Fund Publications, No. 30 (Baltimore, 1890); George Johnston, History of Cecil County. Maryland (Elkton, Md., 1881); Charles Payson Mallery, Ancient Families of Bohemia Manor: Their Homes, and the Grapes (Delaware Historical Society Papers, No.7, Wilmington, Del., 1888). 24. Wilson, op. cit. (note 23), p. 14. 25. Earl L. W. Heck, "Augustine Herrman and the Labadists," in Charles B. Clark, ed., The Eastern Shore of Maryland and Virginia (New York, 1950), Vol. 1, p. 243. 26. George Johnston, History of Cecil County, Maryland (E&ton, Md., 1881), p. 40. 27. Maryland (list. Mag. 3 (1908), p. l10;Maryland Arch. 3(1885), pp. 398-399. 28. Arch. Maryland 1 (1883),p. 462; 15 (1896), p. 18. 29. Ibid., 2(1884), p. 144; 15(1896), pp. 18-19. 30. Ibid., 3(1885), pp. 401-402; 41(1923), p. 344. 31, John Ladnum, History of the Rise of Methodism in America (Philadelphia, 1862), p. 277; Charles Peyson Mallery, op. cit. (note 23). 32. Arch. Maryland 15 (18,96). pp. 38, 41, 69, 70, 77, 177, 326; 17 (1898), p.43. 33. "Virginia and Maryland as it is Planted Inhabited this Present Year 1670 Surveyed and Exactly Drawne by the Only Labour and Endeavour of Augustine Herman Bohemiensis." - For a detailed description and analysis of Herman's map, see Edward Bennett Matthews, The Maps and Mapmakers of Maryland (Baltimore 1898), pp. 368-86; and Karel 3. Kansky, "Augustine Herman: The Leading Cartographer of the Seventeenth Century," Maryland (list. Mag. 73 (1918), pp. 352-359. According to Herman's own account he was engaged in the preparation of his map for nearly ten years and spent about $200 sterling, a large sum of money at that early period. 34. Herman's Memorandum, op. cit. (note 22), p. .32. 35. Kansky, op. cit. (note 33), p. 355. 36. Matthews, op. cit. (note 33), Vol. 1, p. ~369; P. Lee Phillips, The Rare Map of Virginia and Maryland by Augustine .Herrman (Washington, DC.,1911),p.3. 37. Purple, op. cit. (note 14), p. 59; Brodhead, op. oft. (note 13), p.683. 38. Vincent, op. cit. (note 19), pp. 373~374; 3, 7. Scharf, History of Maryland (Baltimore, 1879), Vol. 1, p. 374; Heck, op. cit. (note 25), p.. 245. 39. Cited by Kansky, op. cit. (note 33), p. 354. 40. "Mission of St. Francis Xavier, Cecil County. Maryland," Records of the American Catholic Historical Society, 23 (June 191 3); Kansky, op. cit. (note 33), p. 353. 41. Heck, op. cit. (note 25), pp. 241-250; Edward Noble Va1endigham, Delaware and the Eastern Shore (Philadelphia, 1922), pp. 202-113; Gilbert Cope, ‘Copy of the Will of Augustine Herrman of Bohemia Manor," Penn. Mag. Hist. and Biog, 15 (189l), p.325. I 42. Scharf, op. cit., Vol. 1, pp. 429-31. 43. See note 29. 44. Cope, op. cit. (note 41), pp. 321-326. 45. The engraver must have been an unskilled laborer judging from uneven lettering and numerous misspellings. 46. Heck, op. cit. (note 3), pp. 113-114. AUGUSTINE HERMAN'S DESCENDANTS THE DESCENDANTS OF AUGUSTINE HERMAN THE FIRST LORD OF BOHEMIA MANOR The First Three Generations and Beyond ................................ by Miloslav Rechcigl, Jr The name of Augustine Herman is inextricably linked with the history of Colonial Maryland, which is amply documented in early records such as the Archives of Maryland. Apart from being the first known immigrant from Bohemia (a province of today's Czechoslovakia) who settled in America, he has the distinction of being one of the first, if not the first, naturalized citizen of Maryland. The story of his life and his accomplishments is recounted in a recent article, written on the occasion of the 350th anniversary of the State of Maryland (1). As was stated in the referenced article, the finest legacy Augustine Herman left behind, can be found among his progeny. Although the Herman male line and with it the name "Herman" became extinct in 1739, Herman's three daughters and the female issue of his grandson left numerous descendants "filling the annals of the worthy and the rich," Although a number of families could trace their genealogical lineage back to Augustine Herman, to date there has not been a systematic study of the genealogy of Augustine Herman's descendants. Whatever family trees do exist, they are usually limited to a single vertical lineage with little attention being paid to collateral lines. The purpose of this paper, encompassing the first three generations of Augustine Herman's descendants, is to provide a historical framework and a starting point to enable genealogists to follow up on individual lines from the under generation onward. To enhance the utility of the data, I have listed under each line, family names appearing in the subsequent generations, to the extent that the information is known. AUGUSTINE HERMAN'S CHILDREN Although Augustine Herman was married twice, first to Jannetje Varleth and second to Catherine Ward, he bad issue only by his first wife. There were five children altogether: Ephraim Georgius, Casparus Augustus, Anna Margarita, Judith and Francina. Ephraim Georgius Herman (1652- 1689) was baptized September 1, 1652 in New Amsterdam. He accompanied his father's family on their removal to Maryland, but in 1673 he was a resident of New York City. He was a. man of note who held several offices under the English government in New York and later in Delaware to which he removed around 1676, and settled in Newcastle. In 1673, when the Dutch fleet captured New York, he was a. Clerk in the Secretary of States Office, and was commissioned by the Dutch Council of War to administer the oath of allegiance to the inhabitants on Long Island. Removing to Delaware, he was appointed in 1676 Clerk of the Courts of New Castle and Upland. In 1680 he was appointed Surveyor for the Counties of New Castle and St. Jones. About this time he joined the Labadists, a short-lived religious sect founded by Jean do Labadie. It is said, that his father was so outraged by this that he pronounced a curse upon his oldest son "that he might not live two years.” He actually died in 1689. Ephraim Georgius Herman married in New York, September 3, 1679, Elizabeth Rodenburgh, a daughter of Lucas Rodenburgh and Catrina Roelofs. She was born on the Island of Curacao where her father was vice director during 1646-1657. They had issue, baptized in flew York: Augustinus, 1680; Augustina, 1684; Samuel, 1687 and Ephraim, 1688. Although no direct information exists on their death, it is believed that they all died before reaching maturity. Upon the death of Ephraim, his widow returned from New Castle and rejoined the Dutch Church in New York in September 1689. In 1692 she married as her second husband, John Donaldson on Delaware River and bore him two daughters, Catherine (who married Michiel Vaughton) and Maria (who married George Yates). Casparus Augustus Herman (1656 - 1691) was born in New Amsterdam. In 1661 he removed with his parents to Maryland. Dy 1676 he had established residence on Delaware River in the vicinity of New Castle. PA. following the death of his older brother, he inherited Bohemia Manor and moved to Maryland, namely Cecil County. By profession he was a planter and merchant who carried out commercial activities in New York. As a contractor he built the first State House in Annapolis. He was a member of the Pennsylvania General Assembly from Newcastle in 1683-85 and a member of the Legislature of Maryland from Cecil County in 1694. Casparus married three times. With the second wife, Anna Reyniers, he had three children: son. Col. Ephraim Augustus whose descendants are living presently in the Baltimore area (2), and two daughters, Susanna and Augustina, Susanna married James Creager with whom she had a daughter Catherine who married William Gravenrod. Nothing is known about their descendants. Augustina Herman was married three times, first to Thomas Frisby, second to Roger Larramore and third to Henry Rippin. Prom the marriage with Roger Larramore there were at least two children, including Augustina who married William Drummond. No information exists about their descendants, For his third wife, Casparus Augustus Herman took Katherine Williams who bore him Catherine. Catherine Herman took for her husband Abel van Burkelow with whom she had at least four children. No information exists about their descendants. Anna Margarita Herman (1658 -l729) was baptized March 10, 1658. According to the Labadists' account, she was keeping house for her brother Ephraim at New Castle when they visited him in 1679. They spoke of her as "little volatile, but of sweet and good disposition." She complained to them "that she was like a wild and desolate vine, trained up in a wild and desolate country, that she wanted to know more of God and to serve him, and hoped the Lord would be merciful to her.” She became the wife of Captain Henry Ward, a wealthy planter and legislator of Cecil County. They bad at least one son, by name of Henry, whose daughter Margaret later married Benjamin Pearce, The descendants of the latter are living today. Upon Henry Ward's death, Anna Margarita married as her second husband, Matthias Vanderheyden, a wealthy merchant, planter and Maryland legislator from Cecil County, Prom this marriage came at least four daughters, namely Anna Francina., Jane V., Augustina and Ariana. Lots of information exists about the descendants of Ariana Vanderheyden who was married three times: first to James Frisby, second to Thomas Bordley and third to Edmund Jennings. In contrast to the wealth of information about Ariana, very little is known about the descendants of her three sisters. More research should be devoted to these lines. Judith Herman (1660 - 1761). Very little is known about Judith Herman as a person, except that her name appeared in the petition of her father to the Maryland Assembly in 1666 for naturalization of himself and his children, and that she lived to a very old age. By 1680 Judith was married to Col. John Thompson, a planter, attorney, provincial judge and legislator from Cecil County. They had a large family, comprising of Jane, Augustine, Ephraim, Robert, John and Richard. With the exception of Ephraim who died as an infant, the Thompsons' children left numerous descendants, many of whom live in the State of Maryland (3). It is thru the line of the Thompsons that the best evidence of direct decendancy to the Bouchelle's exist. When her husband died, Judith Thompson remarried in 1705 to John Dowdall with whom she had no issue. Francina Herman (1062 - ?). It is believed that she left for Holland before 1679 but soon returned to America, She joined the Dutch Church in New York and was subsequently married to Joseph Wood. Unfortunately there is no single document in existence which would provide explicit information about their children. Nevertheless, based on indirect evidence from the last wills and land transactions of the descendants, it could be surmised that the Woods had six children, namely, Joseph, Robert, Jennie (who married Thomas Clark), Susannah (who married Ebenezer Empson), Letitia. (who married Samuel Lowman) and Rebecca Wood. As shows in the Genealogical Tree, there is no information on Rebecca Wood and hardly any information exists on the descendants of Joseph Wood, .Susannah Wood and Letitia Wood. This should be a fertile ground for more research. Most of the genealogical research has focused on the descendants of Robert Wood (particularly the Judge Joseph Wood's line) and the Bouldin line of the Thomas Clark's descendants. GENERAL REFERENCES Capek, Thomas. Augustine Herrman of Bohemia Manor (Prague, 1930). Glenn, Thomas Allen. "Bohemia Manor and the Herrmans," in Colonial Mansions (Philadelphia, 189fl, p. 123-138. Hanson, George A. Old Kent: The Eastern Shore of Maryland (Baltimore, 1816; reprinted by Regional Publishing Co., Baltimore, 1961). Heck, Earl L. Augustine Herman: Beginner of the Virginia Tobacco Trade, Merchant of New Amsterdam, and First Lord of Bohemia Manor in Maryland (Englewood, 1941). Johnston, George. History of Cecil County, Maryland (Elkton, Md., 1881; reprinted by Regional Publishing Co., Baltimore, 1912). McGrath, Francis Sims. Pillars of Maryland (Richmond, 1950). Mallery, Charles Payson. Ancient Families of Bohemia Manor: Their Homes, and Their Graves (Delaware Historical Society Papers, No. 1, Wilmington, 1888). Purple, Edwin R. "Contribution to the History of the Ancient Families of New York,” New York Genealogical cad Biographical Record 9 (1878), p. 57-59, NOTES 1. Miloslav Rechcigl, Jr. "Augustine Herman Bohemiensis", Kosrnas, Journal of Czechoslovak and Central European Studies 3 (Summer 1984), p. 139-146. 2. Maryland Historical Society in Baltimore has a number of records pertaining to the Ensor, Oldham, and Massey families who have descended from Casparus Augustus Herman. 3. No comprehensive genealogy exists of this Thompson family. Although Rev. Charles Payson Mallory's book Ancient Families of Bohemia Manor includes a footnote, stating, "For further historical, biographical, and genealogical data, see the author's monograph The Thompson Family,” no such monograph was ever located. I found, however, as a good source of vital data on some members of the Thompson family, Rev. Mallery's manuscript "Historical Collection of Bohemia Manor 1660-1916", maintained by the Maryland Historical Society in its Manuscript Collection. 4. See especially: Kenyon Stevenson of. Akron, Ohio's paper, "The Distinguished Colonial Lineage of Colonel Joseph Wood of Frederick County, Maryland" and "Will of Joseph Wood", New Castle County, Delaware Will Book C.. GENEALOGICAL TREE. ======================================================================= Augustine Herman 1621-1686 m.1.1651 Jannetje Varleth ======================================================================= I.. Ephraim Georgius Herman 1652-1689 m.1679 Elizabeth van Rodenburgh ======================================================================= A. Augustus Herman 1680-? B. Augustine Herman 1684-? C. Samuel Herman 1687-? D. Ephraim Herman 1688-? ======================================================================= IV. Judith Herman 1660-1761 = m.1. 1677 Col. John Thompson?- 1701 direct ancestors = ======================================================================= ======================================================================= F. Richard Thompson 1680-1775 m. 1. 1706 Magdalena Bouchelle ?-1735 direct ancestors ======================================================================= ======================================================================= 6. Dr. Ephraim Thompson 1724-1788 m. 1748 Ann Bryan ?-1801 direct ancestors Descendants: Thompson, Boulden, Bolton?, Wirt, Bayard, Bouchelle, ............................................................... Bryan, Dunning, White, Rayfield, Appleby, Mitchell, McCullough, Thomas, Bratton, Evans, West, Hall, Porter, Sluyter, Nowland, Biddle, Kibler, Warner, Mason. Come back later for more complete family tree. ======================================================================== ======================================================================== Following is a more complete list of all branches not directly related. II. Col. Casparus August 1656-1697/1704 m. 1. Susannah Huyberts m. 2. 1682 Anna Reyniers A. Col, Ephraim Augustus Herman 1683 — 1735 m.1. 1713 Isabella Trent ?-1732 1. Casparus Herman ?-1732 2. Mary Augustine Herman m. John Lawson ?-1755 3. Catherine Herman ?-1752 m.1731 Peter Augustine Bouchelle ?-1755 Descendants: Ensor, Oldham, Kowalski, Troth, Massey m.2. Araininta ?-? 4. Ephraim Augustine Herman 1734-1751 B. Susanna Herman ?-? m. James Creager ?-? 1. Catharine Creager ?-? m. William Gravemrod ?-? Descendants: Unknown C. Augustina Herman ?-? m.1. Thomas Frisby 1681 - 1715/6 C. m. 2. 1719 Roger Larramore (Larrimore) ?-1721 1. Augustina Lnrramore 1720 -? m. William Drumond Descendants:Unknown 2. child 1721/2 -? C. m.3. 1723 Henry Rippin (or Rippen) II. m. 3. 1696 Katherine Williams ?-? D. Catherine Herman 1697-? m. l715 Abel van Burkelow 1697-? 1. Hermen van Burkelow ?-? m. ? Descendants: Anderson 2. Catherine van Burkelow ?-? Descendants: Unknown 3. William van Burkelow ?-? Descendants: Unknown 4. Margaret van Burkelow ?-? Descendants: Unknown III. Anna Margarita Herman 1658-1729 m. 1. Capt. Henry Ward ?-1683/4 A. Henry Ward ?-1734 m. Elizabeth Pearce ?-? 1. Margaret Ward 1716-1755 m.1734 Benjamin Pearce 1711/12 -1756 Descendants: Pearce, Levy, Milligan, Mitdchell, Mccullough B. Rebecca Ward ?-1695 m. 2. 1686 Matthias Vanderheydeii 1858-1729 C. Anna Frncina Vanderbeyden ?-1762 m. 1. Edward Shippen 2nd 1677-1714 1. Margaret Shippen ?-1765 m. 1734 John Jekyll Jr. ?-1741 Descendants: Jekyll, Chalmers, Hicks, Saunders, Shore, Storie 2. Mary Shippen ?-1710 C. m. 2. Col. Charles Hynson 1692 -1748 no issue D. Jane V. Vanderheyden ?-? m. Couts 1. Hercules Couts ?-? m. ? Descendants: Couts, Corbet E. Augusti•na Vanderheyden 1685-1775 m 1724 Capt. James Harris 1682-1742 1. Rev. Matthias Harris 1718-1773 m. 1. Mary Williamson Descendants: Harris m.2. Hester Bailey Descendants: Harris, Latimer, Carson, Greer, Anderson, Carter, Ridgely F. Ariana Vanderheyden 1690-1741 m. 1. 1713 James Frisby 3rd 1684-1719 1. Ariana Margareta Frisby 1717-1748 m. 1751 William Harris 1704-1748 Descendants: Harris 2. Francina Augustina Frisby 1719-1766 m.1. 1135 Dr. William Stevenson ?-1739 Descendants: Stevenson, Burgess, Hall, Burwell, Steuart, Addison, Lemnon, Constable, Fisher, Jones, Beck, Gittings, Skinner, Walker, Archer, Randall, Brogden, Murray, Brundige, Holliday m.2. 1742 Dr. Daniel Cheston 1712-1754 Descendants: Cheston, Hall. Murray, Morris, Ellzey 3. Sarah Frisby 1714-1782 m. 1730 Judge John Brice 2nd 1706-1766 Descendants: Brice, Ross, Steuart, Riddle, Schneck, Corbett, Colhoun, Kurtz, Crawford, Davidson, Smith, Sheriff, Henderson, Lingan, Randolph, Codwise, Stark, Turner, Calvert, Bartlett, Peck, Perry, Botts, Daugherty, Hilleary, Humphreys, Fitzhugh, Gorse, Marshall, Keener, Grafflin, Dunnington, Mount, Hank, Clagett, Kraft, Thompson, Dorsey, Walker, Tongue, Hammond, Marden, Bordley, Bryce, Fish, Gantt, Stephen, Dieudonne, Price, Leitch, Johnson, Addison, West, Ingle, Cobb, Bayne, Mnrbury, Shaaf, Johns, Dulany, Barker, Wheeler, Howland, Pyne, Cushing, James, Brancker, Donaldson, Rogers, Carroll F. m, 2. 1723 Thomas Bordley 1683-1726 4. Thomas Bordley Jr. 1724-1748 unmarried 5. Matthias Bordley 1725-1756 m. Peggy Bigger 6. John Beale Bordley 1727-1804 m. 1. 1751 Margaret Chew ?-1773 Descendants: Bordley, Coulter, Belt, Wickersham, Hibbard, McGrath, Cady, Van den Arend, Ross, Colhoun, Kurtz, Reid, Vernon, Crawford, Davidson, Ladley, Cummins, Griffith, Johnson. m. 2. 1776 Sarah (Fishbone:) Mtfflin 1733-1816 no issue F. m. 3. 1728 Edmund Jennings ?-1756 7. Peter Jennings 1'729-? 8. Charles Jennings ?-? 9. Edmund Jennings 1731-1819 unmarried 10. Ariana Jennings 1729-1801 m. 1752 John Randolph 1728-1784 Descendants: Randolph, Taylor, Blackburn, Robinson, Biddle, Boyer, Skelton, Williams, Preston, Cooke, Allen, Daniel, Moncure, Courtley, Grymes, West, Rosser, Long, Chiles, Carper, Bean, Wills, Pembroke, Echols, Beadles, Stout, Wormeley, Norris, Hartwell, Hewlett, Thornton, Tyson, Cardoza, Neilsoa, Skinker, Pollard, Buchanan, Mafflt, Curtis, Latimer ======================================================================= IV. Judith Herman 1660-1761 = m.1. 1677 Col. John Thompson?- 1701 = ======================================================================= A. Jane Thompson ?-1782 m. 1710 William Frisby 1684-1738 1. Richard Frisby 1711-? 2. Mary Frisby 1713-1776 m. 1. 1734 Col. Thomas Sinyth 1710-1741 Descendants: Smyth, Sudler, Wayne, Pooler, Neff, Richards, Rail, Valk, Martindale, Cameron m. 2. William Granger ?-1752 Descendants: Granger 3. Maj. William Frisby 1715/22-1779 m. 1.1742/8 Mary Young 1723/6- ? Descendants: Frisby, Gleaves, Hollis m. 2. Elizabeth Gleaves ?-1799 Descendants: Frisby, Anderson, Nichols, Hopkins, Tolson 4. Ann Frisby 1721-1807 m. Thomas Marsh1715-1777 Descendants: Marsh, Forman, Longstreet, Cunning, Neilson, Griffin, Edmonds 5. James Prisby 1725-1807 m. 1. Sarah Gresham 1730-? Descendants: Frisby, Briscoe, Wilmer (?) m. 2. 1752/60 Rebecca Ringgold 1727 -? Descendants: Frisby, Rowles m.3. 1769 Margaret Moore ?-1777 Descendants: Frisby, Browne m. 4. 1777 Ann Wilmer ?-1785 Descendants: Frisby, Holmead, Gordon, Turner, Athey, Pleasants, Venable, Connell, Pearson, Whelen, Peterson 6. Richard Frisby 1726/30-1790 m. Martha James ?-? Descendants: Frisby, Gamble, Sanner, Guy, Davis, Switzer, Parks, Church, Finnigan B. Augustine Thompson 1691-1738 m. 1. 1715 Sarah Salter 1692-1729? 1. Dowdall Thompson 1718-1156 m. 1740 Hester Baldwin ?-1771 Descendants: Thompson, Hackett, Harrison, Collins, Spencer, Murray, Blake, Wright, Brown, Veazey 2. Mary Thompson 171-1740/1 m. 1738/9 Thomas Marsh 4th 1716-1777 Descendants: Marsh, Forman, Bryan, McKay, Tilghman, Hemsley, Chambers, Davis, Perkins, Jones, Owen, Houston, Eccleston, Welsh, Pottens, Wickes, Green, Stiles, Clark, Tabb, Dabney, Van Bibber 3. Sarah Thompson ?-? m. 1744 Dr. James Anderson 1720?-1785 Descendants:Anderson, Hopkins, Tolson, Gray, Green, Norris, Tull, Peery, Brooks, Miller, Woodley 4. Dr. Samuel Thompson ?-1777 m. Elizabeth Carmichael ?-? Descendants:Thompson, Harris, Roberts, Deshane, Skinner, Price, Rankin, Burch, Eareckson C. Ephraim Thompson 1697-1697 D. Robert Thompson 1699? - 1737 m. Ruth 1. James Thompson 1728 -? Descendants: Unknown E. Co1. John Thompson Jr. ?-1718 in. Mary Dare 1. John Thompson bf. 1718-1749 m. 1. 1739 Mary Griffith ?-? Descendants: Thompson, Wilson, Wunzell, Davis, Smith m. 2. 1748 Jane Houston >-? Descendants:Unknown 2. Mary Thompson bf. 1718-178O m. 1.1740 Dr. John Knight 1716-1740 Descendants: Knight, Brewerton, Duane, de Witt, Jones, Ward, Harrison m. 2. Adam Van Bibber ?-1756 Descendants Unknown ============================================================================ F. Richard Thompson 1680-1775 m. 1. 1706 Magdalena Bouchelle ?-1735 ============================================================================ 1. John Thompson 1710-1743 m. 1734 Mary Julian ?-? Descendants:Thompson 2. Judith Thonpsos 1707-? m. 1722 Arnold Bassett ?-? Descendants; Bassett, McCleary, Clayton, Frame, Lewis, Lawrenson, Hambly, Hodgson, Meredith, Haldeman, Bayard, Kane, Lockwood, Powell, Rich, Bars, Bowie, Messiter 3. Richard Thompson Jr 1713-1789 m.1. 1734 Mary Allman 1717-1780 Descendants: Thompson, Ellis, Whitham, Clark, Turner, Woolley, Carnan, Hendrick, Deshain, Skinner m. 2. Sarah ?-? Descendants: Unknown 4. Robert Thompson 1721-1780/92 m. Mary ?-? Descendants: Unknown 5. Margaret Thompson 1715/21-? m. Isaac Hamm Descendants: Unknown ============================================================================ 6. Dr. Ephraim Thompson 1724-1788 m. 1748 Ann Bryan ?-1801 Descendants: Thompson, Boulden, Bolton?, Appleby, Mitchell, McCullough, Thomas, Bratton, Evans, West, Hall, Porter, Sluyter, Wirt, Nowland, Biddle, Kibler, Warner, Bayard, Bouchelle, Mason, Bryan, Dunning, White, Rayfield Come back later for more complete family tree. ========================================================================== Past this point there are: No more direct references to my ancestors except possibly The boldin connection mentioned later. I don't have evidence of the direct connection to that line of Bouldins at this time. 7. Mary Thompson 1726-? m. Empson Bird 1723-1787 Descendants: Bird, Montgomery, Lamar, Mayes, Raney, Heiskell, Lewis, Longstreet, Ross 8. Ann Thompson ?-1794 m.1. Dr. Thomas Hamm 1729-? Descendants: Hamm, Hyland, Craig, Foard, Howard, George, Lamkin, Dilks, Coss, Wayne, Rainey, Hendricks, Harris, Schaeffer, Ford m. 2. Dr. Thomas Bird ?-? Descendants: Unknown F. m. 2. 1736 Tabitha Chick ?-1772 9. Susanna Thompson 1737-1737: 10. Tabitha Thompson 1739-? m. Bryan (alias Nevel) ?-? Descendants: Bryan 11. Susanna Thompson 1740-? m. Scott ?-? Descendants: Unknown 12. Rebecca Thompson 1742 - ? Descendants: Unknown 13. Augusta (or Augustine) Thompson 1744-? Descendants: Unknown 14. Sarah Thompson 1747-? m. Young Descendants: Unknown 15. Mary Thompson 1749-1.752 IV. m 2. 1705 Maj. John Dowdall ?-1728 (Judith Herman) no issue ................................................................... V. Francina Herman 1662-? m. 1664/5-? Joseph Wood 1666-1721 A. Joseph Wood Jr. 1685-1738 m. Martha 1. William Wood ?-? 2. Joseph Wood 3rd ?-? m. Catherine Descendants: Wood 3. Rebecca Wood ?-? Descendants: Unknown 4. Francina Wood ?-? Descendants: Unknown 5. Elizabeth Wood ?-? Descendants: Unknown B, Robert Wood 1687-1721 m. 1708 Catherine ?-? 1. Judge Joseph Wood 1710-1783 m. 1. 1734 Sarah Hodgson 1708 - 1747 Descendants: Wood, Scott, Clark, Moore, Wickham, Lock, Riggs, Harlan, Wible, Darnell, Norton, Haines, Hollenbeck, Tucker, Morin, Metcalf, Powers, Hardy, Fitch, Dixon, Tobias, Pell, Griffin, Hughes, Anders, Williams, Sutherland, Francis, Hedges, Keller, Loper, King, Carrington, Carroll, Small, Van Meter, Pbipps, Clark, Ferguson, Stoddert, Briggs, Henry, Moore, Ballard, Glower, Stranger, Snapp, Hawkins, Burke, Cotter, Weaver, Carr, Allen, Gore, Jeffries, Highland m. 2. 1747/9 Catherine Hedges Julien ?-1194 Descendants: Wood, Reynolds, Wilson, Buchanan, Bright, Litherland, Prout, Adams, Green, Andrews, Miller, Kensipp, Seibert, Andrus, Cozine, Couch, Williams, Goodhart, Liddle, Barney, Shoaf,.Courter, Leek, Hank, Thompson, Greathouse, Morris, Armstrong, Alka, Huey, McGregor, Hoyer, Glick, Danforth, Hinderliter, Goddard, Meyer, Brines, Beard, Campbell, Barnhart, Bentley 2. Robert Wood ?-? Descendants: Unknown 3. Katherine Wood 1715/16-? Descendants: Unknown 4. John Wood 1713-? m. 1737 Frances Fltnton 1115-? Descendants: Wood, Huff, Simmons, Fleeman 5. Nicholas Wood 1718-1775 m. ? Descendants: Wood 6. Sarah Wood ?-1743 Descendants: Unknown 7. Margaret Wood ?-? m. 1746 Abraham Allman ?-? Descendants: Unknown C. Jennie Wood 1693-? m. 1710 Thomas Clark ?-? 1. Hannah Clark 1711-? m. 1132 Henry Childs Descendants: Unknown 2. Francina Clark ?-? m. 1730 Richard Town ?-? Descendants: Town 3. Ann ("Nancy') Wood Clark 1715-1180 m.1731 Col Thomas Bouldin 1706-1783 Descendants: Bouldin, Collier, Slaughter, Blackwell, Pickett,, Wiggs, Moseley, Spencer, Redd, Hundley, Payne, Hood, Dupree, Majors, Cables, Fuller, Duvall, Quarties, Smith, Rowland, Cheely, Potter, Cox, Green, Johnston, Ellington, Leonard, Divers, Hinton, Baker, Alexander, Cheathain, Crews, Lamkin, Fox, Terrell, Barksdale, Cabell, Carrington, McCargo, Hawes, Wood, Hunter, Tankersley, Worsham, Barker, Garrison, Page, Cannon, West D. Susannah Wood ?-1727 m. Ebenezer Empson ?-1726 1. William Empson 1715-? Descendants:Unknown 2. Jonathan Empson 1719-1723 3. Mary Empson 1720-? Descendants: Unknown 4. Rebecca Empson 1722-? Descendants: Unknown 5. Susannah Empson 1724-? Descendants; Unknown E. Letitia Wood ca. 1698-1733 m,. 1716 Samuel Lowman ?-? 1. William Lowman 1719-? Descendants: Unknown 2. Samuel Lowman ?-? m. Crowley) Carroll ? -? Descendants: Lowman, Comegys, Smith, Emerich 3. Joseph Lowman ?-? Descendants:Unknown F. Rebecca Wood ?-? Descendants: Unknown Concluding Note: Although every effort has been made to assure accuracy of the data, it is nevertheless possible that some errors may have been introduced. The author would appreciate being informed of any such mistakes. In addition, he makes an appeal to genealogists and to Herman's descendants to send him any additional information on the descendants of Augustine Herman. .................................................................. AUGUSTINE HERMAN'S IMPACT AUGUSTINE HERMAN'S IMPACT ON CECIL CO. HISTORY(From Cecil Co's Website) In 1660 Hermen applied to the region's council for a patent of naturalization for himself, his children and also for John Jarbo, Anna Hack and her sons George and Peter. Hack's Point on the south side of the Bohemia River, nearly opposite where Hermen's manor house stood is named for these early settlers. Four years after Hermen received his patent of naturalization (1664), King Charles II of England gave his brother James, Duke of York a patent for all the lands from Connecticut to the Delaware Bay. Shortly after this grant was made, war was declared between the English and the Dutch. This same year (1664), New Amsterdam surrendered to an English expedition under the command of Colonel Richard Nichols. New Amsterdam was then called New York by the English. After the surrender of New Amsterdam, an English expedition under Sir Robert Carr was sent to the Delaware Bay. The English without much bloodshed then took possession of this area. The Dutch town of New Amstel became known as New Castle. New York, New Castle and surrounding regions were in the possession of the English until 1673 when war again broke out and the Dutch regained possession of this region. During this tumultuous period, Hermen somehow managed to remain on good terms with his neighbors on the Delaware even as these neighbors constantly changed their allegiances. In 1671 the authorities of New York ordered the authorities of New Castle to clear one half of a road to Herman's property. Marylanders cleared the remaining half. During this year, Hermen obtained a grant of St. Augustine Manor from Lord Baltimore. This grant induded lands which extended from the mouth of the Appoquinimink Creek and west from the Delaware River to the ancient boundary of Bohemia Manor. This grant also included lands east of Bohemia Manor from the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal (which did not exist at this time) to the head of Apoquinimink Creek and from the ancient eastern boundary of Bohemia Manor east to the Delaware River. A canal to connect the waters of the Chesapeake and Delaware Bays was talked about even at this early date in the region's colonial development. Hermen, no doubt, selected these lands because he believed that they were the best lands suited for a canal in this area of the peninsula. Hermen was wisely positioning himself to benefit from the possible construction of this proposed canal. In 1674 thirteen years had passed since Hermen had proposed to Lord Baltimore that Cecil County be established. For fifteen years before this (from 1659 to 1674) the land on the Westem shore from the mouth of the Patapsco River to the head of the bay and on the Eastern shore from the head of the bay as far south as Worten Creek including the land along the rivers of the Eastem Shore was described as being in Baltimore County. In 1674 Govemor Charles Calvert finally proclaimed the boundaries of Cecil County. He proclaimed them as the following: "From the mouth of the Susquehanna River down the eastem side of the bay to Swan Point, thence to Hell Point, and so up the Chester River to the head thereof." In his proclamation Governor Calvert made no mention of the eastern or northern boundaries of Cecil County because these boundaries were still being disputed and determined. About this same time period, the first Cecil County courthouse was erected on the north side of the Sassafras River, a short distance east of Ordinary Point at what was later called Jamestown. This courthouse was built by Casparus Hermen in 1692. Before this building was erected the court met in local private homes including the homes of Thomas Jones, Shadrack Whitworth and Matthias Matthiason. Augustine Hermen made out his will on September 27, 1684. He had fully intended to leave his tobacco plantation, slaves, possessions and valuables to his eldest son Ephraim George. However, Ephraim had previously left his wife to join a religious sect, the Labadists. The founders of the Labadists, Peter Sluyter and Jasper Danckers had come from Denmark to establish a religious colony in America. Ephraim had become a devoted convert to this religion and therefore had little interest in his father's lands or possessions. It is believed that Augustine Hermen died in 1686. His oldest daughter Anna Margaretta married Matthias Vanderhuyden (probably from Holland) who was naturalized in America in 1692. Vanderhuyden became prominent in Cecil County political life and was one of the justices of the quorum. He died about 1729. Anna Margaretta and Matthias had three daughters. Their eldest daughter married Edward Shippen of Philadelphia of whom Benedict Arnold, the colonial traitor was a descendant. Augustine Hermen's second daughter, Judith married John Thompson. His descendant, Samuel Thompson, lived on part of the Hermen lands. Hermen's daughter Francina married a Mr. Wood. They also had several children. Augustine Hermen and his descendants played a major role in the early history of Cecil County. back to top back home AUGUSTINE HERMAN'S MAP (From the Official Archival Description on their Website) MAP #: 396H5 CARTOGRAPHER : HERRMAN, AUGUSTINE [DERIVATIVE] DATE: 1896 SHORT TITLE : VIRGINIA AND MARYLAND REMAINING TITLE & ID : AS IT IS PLANTED AND INHABITED THIS PRESENT YEAR 1670 SURVEYED AND EXACTLY DRAWNE BY THE ONLY LABOUR & ENDEAVOUR OF AUGUSTIN HERRMAN BOHEMIENSIS (CARTOUCHE, BOTTOM LEFT. CARTOUCHE HAS A MALE AND FEMALE INDIAN STANDING ON LEFT AND RIGHT, RESPECTIVELY, ON A BASE HOLDING THE CARTOUCHE. THE BASE HAS AN EXPLANATION OF SOME OF THE LETTERS AND SYMBOLS ON THE MAP. ABOVE THE TITLE IS A CREST WITH FRUIT AND A LIONS HEAD AT THE TOP. THE CREST SHOWS A HEART WITH FLOWERS OUT THE TOP AND CROSSED ARROWS BENEATH. "PUBLISHED BY AUTHORITY OF HIS MAties. ROYALL LICENCE AND PARTICULER PRIVILEDGE TO AUG. HERMAN AND THOMAS WITHIN-BROOK HIS ASSIGNEE FOR FOURTEEN YEARES FROM THE YEAR OF OUR LORD 1673" (BOTTOM LEFT CORNER). SCALE OF 8 ENGLISH LEAGUES ABOVE A SCALE OF 24 ENGLISH MILES (BOTH SURMOUNTED BY DIVIDERS, BOTTOM TO LEFT OF CENTER). OVAL PICTURE OF HERRMAN ON A BASE, ENTITLED "BOHEMIAN AUGUSTINE HERRMAN" (BOTTOM TO RIGHT OF CENTER). "W: FAITHORNE SCULPt." (TO RIGHT OF BASE OF HERRMAN PICTURE). NUMEROUS NOTES THROUGHOUT MAP. THE VERSO IS BLANK. LONGITUDE (NOT SHOWN). LATITUDE (BOTTOM BORDER). --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- DATE OF PUBLICATION : R1896? (1673) LANGUAGE(S) : EN SIZE (HEIGHT X WIDTH) : 79.0 X 93.6 CM. (4 SHEETS JOINED) SIZE - OTHER DATA : ? X ? CM. OM SCALE - (RF) 1: : 444,000 (BASED ON LATITUDE) LIB. OF CONGRESS # : - Md. HALL OF RECORDS # 1 : MSA SC1399-494 HUNTINGFIELD ACQ. # 1 : A016-TIG REGION CATEGORY : MAP ON WHICH THE MD/CHESAPEAKE AREA IS ONE MAIN FOCUS. (1) SPECIAL CATEGORY(IES) : AUGUSTINE HERRMAN DERIVATIVE MAP (12) # SHEETS TO MAP : 4 MAP ORIENTATION : W IS AT THE TOP OF THE MAP RELIEF SHOWN ? : YES HYDROGRAPHIC DATA : SOUNDINGS ARE SHOWN, BUT THE UNITS ARE NOT SPECIFIED. : SHOALS ARE SHOWN BY DOTTED LINES. CARTOUCHE : MONUMENT (18) BORDER : GEOGRAPHICALLY FUNCTIONAL FOR LATITUDE (8) PRIME MERIDIAN(S) : NONE SEE ALSO MAP #s : 173H5, 470H5. BEST INFO SOURCE : NONE WAS FOUND ON THIS REPRODUCTION. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- DESCRIPTION : THE EXACT DATE AND PUBLISHER OF THIS REPRODUCTION OF THE FAMOUS 1673 MAP BY AUGUSTINE HERRMAN IS UNKNOWN. THE DEALER DATED IT 1896, BUT COULD OFFER LITTLE TO SUPPORT THAT DATE. THE ORIGINAL HERRMAN MAP IS THE MOST ACCURATE 17TH CENTURY MAP OF THE MIDDLE ATLANTIC COLONIES AND EMBODIES THE BEST SURVEYING IN THE COLONIES IN THAT CENTURY. IT SUCCEEDS SMITH'S MAP AS THE PROTOTYPE FOR SUBSEQUENT CHESAPEAKE CARTOGRAPHY AND REMAINS INFLUENTIAL UNTIL SUPERSEDED BY THE HOXTON CHART OF 1735 AND THE FRY & JEFFERSON MAP OF 1753. HERRMAN MADE NO ESSENTIAL CHANGES IN THE TOPOGRAPHY OF THE VIRGINIA AREA AS SMITH LAID IT DOWN IN 1612 AND MAY HAVE USED SMITH'S MAP AS A BASE MAP FROM WHICH TO WORK. THE DELAWARE BAY AND RIVER ARE ADDED, ENGLISH NAMES ARE SUBSTITUTED FOR OLD INDIAN ONES AND OLD DATA ARE CORRECTED AND VERIFIED. IN 1659 HERRMAN WROTE TO CECIL CARVERT, 2ND LORD BALTIMORE, OFFERING TO MAKE AN ACCURATE MAP OF MARYLAND AND THE NEIGHBORING COLONIES IN EXCHANGE FOR A GRANT OF LAND. BOUNDARY DISPUTES WITH THE DUTCH,SWEDES AND VIRGINIANS MADE BALTIMORE AMENABLE TO THE PROPOSITION. HERRMAN CONSULTED WITH LOCAL SURVEYORS, LAND OFFICES, PLAT BOOKS AND SURVEYED THE SETTLED REGIONS HIMSELF TO CHECK THE ACCURACY OF THE SECOND HAND INFORMATION. AFTER SPENDING 10 YEARS HE PRODUCED AN AMAZINGLY ACCURATE MAP FOR ITS DAY AND RECEIVED 20,000 ACRES OF LAND IN EXCHANGE, WHICH HE CALLED BOHEMIA MANOR IN CECIL COUNTY. THE FIRST PRINTED VERSION APPEARED IN 1673. THE ENGRAVING WAS THE RESULT OF 3 YEARS OF WORK BY WILLIAM FAITHORNE (1616-1691). HERRMAN GOT THE 14 YEAR EQUIVALENT OF A COPYRIGHT ON THE PRINTED VERSION AND IT SEEMS LIKELY THAT THE MAP WAS PRINTED FOR ONLY LIMITED CIRCULATION. IT WAS TOO EXPENSIVE AND CUMBERSOME FOR THE AVERAGE MERCHANT OR TRAVELLER AND WAS ON FOUR LARGE SHEETS. A SMALL NUMBER OF THESE PRINTED MAPS WERE AVAILABLE BY 1674 AT ONE OF THE 3 LONDON SHOPS OF JOHN SELLER WHO ADVERTISED THEM IN THE LONDON GAZETTE. DESPITE THE ROYALL LICENCE, HERRMAN'S MAP WAS PIRATED FREELY BY MANY ENGLISH AND EUROPEAN PUBLISHERS. CALVERT MADE FEW ATTEMPTS TO CURB THE PUBLICATION BECAUSE THE MAP STRETCHED THE MARYLAND BOUNDARIES TO INCLUDE TERRITORIES IN DELAWARE AND IN WHAT WAS TO BECOME PENNSYLVANIA. DATA IS FROM VERNER, SANCHEZ-SAAVEDRA, FITE & FREEMAN, CUMMING AND PHILLIPS. EDITION & STATE INFO : THERE WAS ONLY A SINGLE EDITION AND STATE OF THE ORIGINAL HERRMAN MAP OF 1673. A NUMBER OF REPRODUCTIONS HAVE BEEN PUBLISHED OVER THE YEARS AND NO STUDY HAS BEEN MADE TO TRACE OUT THESE REPRODUCTIONS. THE ORIGINAL MAP WAS MADE IN MANUSCRIPT IN 1671, BUT THE ORIGINAL WAS LOST. IT WAS ADVERTISED FOR SALE BY JOHN SELLER IN LONDON IN THE LONDON GAZETTE IN 1674. HOWEVER, IT IS THOUGHT THAT FEW COPIES WERE MADE. ITS SIZE AND CONSTRUCTION IN 4 SHEETS MADE IT IMPRACTICAL FOR USE BY NAVIGATORS AND TRAVELLERS. FIVE COPIES ARE NOW KNOWN. ONE IS IN THE BRITISH MUSEUM, TWO ARE IN THE BIBLIOTHEQUE NATIONALE IN PARIS, ONE IS IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, WHICH WAS OBTAINED IN A TRADE WITH THE BIBLIOTHEQUE NATIONALE, AND ONE IS IN THE JOHN CARTER BROWN LIBRARY. THE JCB COPY HAS A PRINTED SLIP PASTED BELOW THE HERRMAN PORTRAIT WITH THE IMPRINT OF JOHN SELLER, HYDROGRAPHER TO THE KING. THE JCB COPY WAS REPRODUCED IN 4 SHEETS AND PUBLISHED FROM 1941 TO 1967. THERE WAS A 4 SHEET REPRODUCTION WITH AN ESTIMATED DATE OF 1896, PUBLISHED IN ENGLAND, POSSIBLY BASED ON WORK OF A MARYLAND BOUNDARY COMMISSION AROUND THAT TIME. THIS IS THE MAP DESCRIBED HEREIN. THE 1970 REPRODUCTION WAS DONE ON A SINGLE SHEET BY EDWARD H. RICHARDSON ASSOCIATES, INC., BASED ON THE JCB AND THE BRITISH MUSEUM COPIES. DATA IS FROM VERNER, SANCHEZ-SAAVEDRA, FITE & FREEMAN, CUMMING, & PHILLIPS. HFC OWNERSHIP DATA : THE HUNTINGFIELD COLLECTION HAS A GOOD BLACK AND WHITE COPY OF THIS REPRODUCTION OF THE HERRMAN MAP ON THIN PAPER. IT HAS AN ACQ. # OF A016-TIG AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-494. THE COLLECTION HAS TWO OTHER REPRODUCTIONS OF THIS MAP. THE FIRST IS ON 1 SHEET IN BLACK AND WHITE, DATED 1970, WITH AN ACQ. # OF PLW012-GIFT AND A MDHR # OF MSA SC1399-679. ANOTHER ONE IS THE JCB FACSIMILE DATED 1967. IT WAS ORIGINALLY PRINTED IN 1941, THEN IN 1948 WAS PRINTED FROM A NEW PLATE, WHICH WAS REPRODUCED IN 1958 AND 1967. FINALLY, THE COLLECTION HAS A PHOTOGRAPHIC REPRODUCTION ON A REDUCED SCALE OF THE COPY IN THE BRITISH MUSEUM, OBTAINED FROM ED PAPENFUSE. BIBLIGRAPHICAL REFS. : ARCHER, THE DISMEMBERMENT OF MARYLAND, BALTIMORE: 1890; BAER, ELIZABETH, SEVENTEENTH CENTURY MARYLAND. A BIBLIOGRAPHY, BALTIMORE: JOHN WORK GARRETT LIBRARY, 1949, 75-6, # 74; BLACK, JEANETTE D., THE BLATHWAYT ATLAS, II, PROVIDENCE: BROWN UNIVERSITY PRESS, 1975, 109-118; CAPEK,T. AUGUSTINE HERRMAN OF BOHEMIA MANOR, PRAGUE: 1930; CUMMING, WILLIAM P., THE SOUTHEAST IN EARLY MAPS, CHAPEL HILL, N.C: UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS, 1962, 152-153, # 72; CUMMING, WILLIAM P., "EARLY MAPS OF THE CHESAPEAKE BAY", IN EARLY MARYLAND IN A WIDER WORLD, D.B. QUINN, ed., DETROIT: WAYNE STATE UNIVERSITY PRESS, 1982, 289-293; HECK, E.L.W., AUGUSTINE HERRMAN..., ENGLEWOOD, OHIO: 1941; JOHN CARTER BROWN LIBRARY ANNUAL REPORTS 1929-1930, 10-15; KUETH, J.L., MARYLAND HISTORICAL MAGAZINE, VOL. XXX, #4, DEC., 1935, 310-325; MALLERY, C.P., "FAMILIES OF BOHEMIA MANOR", IN DELAWARE HISTORICAL SOCIETY PAPERS # 7, WILMINGTON: DELAWARE HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 1888; MATHEWS, EDWARD B., "MAPS AND MAP-MAKERS OF MARYLAND", IN MARYLAND GEOLOGICAL SURVEY SPECIAL PUBLICATION VOL. II, PART IIIb, BALTIMORE: JOHNS HOPKINS PRESS, 1898; PAPENFUSE, EDWARD C. & JOSEPH M. COALE III, ATLAS OF HISTORICAL MAPS OF MARYLAND 1608-1908, BALTIMORE: JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY PRESS, 1982, 11-19; PHILLIPS, PHILIP LEE, THE RARE MAP OF VIRGINIA AND MARYLAND BY AUGUSTINE HERRMAN, WASHINGTON: LOUDERMILK & CO., 1911; RISTOW, WALTER W., LIBRARY OF CONGRESS INFORMATION BULLETIN VOL. 19, WASHINGTON: LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, # 19, MAY 9, 1960, 223-224; SANCHEZ-SAAVEDRA, E. M., A DESCRIPTION OF THE COUNTRY. VIRGINIA'S CARTOGRAPHERS AND THEIR MAPS 1607-1881, RICHMOND: VIRGINIA STATE LIBRARY, 1975, 15-24; SCHWARTZ, SEYMOUR I. & RALPH E. EHRENBERG, THE MAPPING OF AMERICA, NEW YORK: HARRY N. ABRAMS, INC., 1980, 118-119, PL. 67; SCISCO, L.D., "NOTES ON AUGUSTINE HERRMAN'S MAP", IN MARYLAND HISTORICAL MAGAZINE, VOL. XXXIII, NO. 4, DEC., 1938, 343-351; TANSILL, C.C., THE PENNSYLVANIA-MARYLAND BOUNDARY CONTROVERSY, WASHINGTON: 1915; VALLANDINGHAM, E.N., THE LORD OF BOHEMIA MANOR, OR IN NEW YORK SUN OF OCTOBER 23, 1892; VERNER, COOLIE, UNPUBLISHED NOTES ON THE MAPS OF VIRGINIA. COMMENTS AND CONTACT Mila Rechcigl SVU President 1703 Mark Lane Rockville, MD 20852 Phone: (301) 881-7222; FAX: (301) 881-9667 e-mail: URL: SVU Web Site: